MCKENNEY, Thomas L. (1785-1859) and James HALL (1793-1868)
Timpoochee Barnard, an Uchee Warrior
Philadelphia: F.W. Greenough, 1838. Lithograph "Drawn Printed and Coloured at J.T. Bowen's Lithographic Establishment", after a C.B.King portrait painted in 1825. In excellent condition apart from some light off-setting in the plate. Image size (including text): 11 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches. Sheet size: 19 x 13 inches.
A fine image from McKenney and Hall's 'Indian Tribes of North America'.
A venerated Yuchi chief, Timpoochee Barnard had a Scotish father and Yuchi mother. He was a commissioned major who valiantly fought under General Jackson against the Creeks in the 1814 Battle of Callabee Creek.. Major Barnard's distinguished military career continued with his gallant participation in the 1818 Seminole War and the battle at Econaffinnah or Natural Bridge of the same year. After travelling to Washington to contest the Indian Springs Treaty of 1825, he settled near Fort Mitchell, where he remained until his death. Of Timpoochee, President Jackson once remarked to his son, "A braver man than your father never lived." Also known as the Choya'ha or Tsoya'ha, meaning 'children of the sun', the Yuchi tribe inhabited the Southeastern region of the United States. They had been practically eliminated by the Creeks and Cherokees and lived uneasily in their midst. McKenney and Hall's 'Indian Tribes of North America' has long been renowned for its faithful portraits of Native Americans. The portraits are largely based on paintings by the artist Charles Bird King, who was employed by the War Department to paint the Indian delegates visiting Washington D.C., forming the basis of the War Department's Indian Gallery. Most of King's original paintings were subsequently destroyed in a fire at the Smithsonian, and their appearance in McKenney and Hall's magnificent work is thus our only record of the likenesses of many of the most prominent Indian leaders of the nineteenth century. Numbered among King's sitters were Sequoyah, Red Jacket, Major Ridge, Keokuk, and Black Hawk. After six years as Superintendent of Indian Trade, Thomas McKenney had become concerned for the survival of the Western tribes. He had observed unscrupulous individuals taking advantage of the Native Americans for profit, and his vocal warnings about their future prompted his appointment by President Monroe to the Office of Indian Affairs. As first director, McKenney was to improve the administration of Indian programs in various government offices. His first trip was during the summer of 1826 to the Lake Superior area for a treaty with the Chippewa, opening mineral rights on their land. In 1827, he journeyed west again for a treaty with the Chippewa, Menominee , and Winebago in the present state of Michigan. His journeys provided an unparalleled opportunity to become acquainted with Native American tribes. When President Jackson dismissed him from his government post in 1830, McKenney was able to turn more of his attention to his publishing project. Within a few years, he was joined by James Hall, a lawyer who had written extensively about the west. McKenney and Hall saw their work as a way of preserving an accurate visual record of a rapidly disappearing culture. (Gilreath).
Cf. BAL 6934; cf. Bennett p.79; cf. Field 992; cf. Howes M129; cf. Lipperhiede Mc4; cf. Reese, Stamped With A National Character p. 24; Sabin 43410a; Horan 344; Johansen & Gringe, 24.