LOTTER, Tobias Conrad (1717-1777)
Recens Edita totius Novi Belgii, in America Septentrionali siti, delineatio cura et sumtibus Tob. Conr. Lotteri, Sac. Caes. Maj. Geographi August. Vind. Cum Gratia et Privil. S.R.I. Vicariat in part, Rheni, Sveviae, et Juris Franconici
Augsburg: Tobias Conrad Lotter, [circa 1760]. Copper engraving, coloured by hand. Fine condition. Plate mark: 19 3/4 x 22 7/8 inches. Sheet size: 21 1/4 x 25 1/2 inches.
An excellent example of the second state of this map to carry Lotter's imprint: an important map of the American northeast with an inset view of New York City
This is the fifth state (with the 'Boston' reading) of a map originally issued by Matthaeus Seutter (1678-1757) in 1730, but is also a fine example of one of the much-pirated Jansson-Visscher New England series of maps, first published by Visscher in 1651. The present Seutter/Lotter plate `is the first map in the [Jansson-Visscher] series to show ... the boundaries of Massachusetts, New England, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania'. There are three states with Seutter's imprint, and after his death in 1757 his son-in-law, Tobias Conrad Lotter, inserted his own name and three further states were published. This is the second of those three states with the spelling of Boston corrected. To this map of the northeast is added the famous 'Restitutio View' of New York City, which celebrated the brief return to Dutch governance from late 1672 until February of 1674. This is one of the earliest views of the city. Adorning the inset view is a very elaborate tableau in which the Emperor, Charles VI, is shown attended by Hermes, god of commerce, Athena, goddess of wisdom, and Hera, who is standing over a chest of gold coins. Behind the divine beings, dark-skinned workers of the world carry nature's products to lay at the Emperor's feet. The Seutter / Lotter dynasty was one of the most important of all eighteenth-century German map-making firms. The business was established by Lotter's father-in-law who had trained under the renowned cartographer Johann Baptiste Homann in Nuremberg. By 1731 Seutter had been appointed Geographer to the Imperial Court. On his death, Lotter continued in the same post, and with his son Mathais Albrecht Lotter produced cartographical works of a consistently high quality throughout the 18th century.
Cf. Augustyn/ Cohen pp.46-47; cf. McCorkle New England 730.5 (1st state, but briefly noting later states); cf. Stokes & Phelps The Iconography of Manhattan Island 1498-1909 I, plate 16b and p.223 (1st state); R.V. Tooley The Mapping of America p.291, #27.