LE ROUGE, Georges Louis (1712-90)
Nouvelle Carte des Côtes des Carolines, Septentrionales et Meridionales de Cap Fear a sud Edisto. Levees et Sondees par N. Pocock en 1770.
Paris: Chez le Rouge, Rue des Grands Augustins, 1777. Copper-engraved sea chart, with wide margins, in excellent condition. 20 1/2 x 28 7/8 inches.
A very rare nautical chart of the Carolina coast, and one of the most important maps relating to France's participation in the Revolutionary War.
This very finely engraved sea chart was produced by the prominent Parisian cartographer Georges Louis Le Rouge for use by the French Navy, which entered the Revolutionary War the year after this map was printed. It embraces the coast of the Carolinas from Cape Fear, North Carolina, all the way down to South Edisto Island in South Carolina. The map also depicts the pictorial outlines of the key ports of Charleston and Georgetown. This chart was included in Le Rouge's Atlas Amériquain Septentrionale, and as the title suggests was based on manuscript charts produced by Nathaniel Pocock. Curiously, the identity of Pocock or the location of any of his charts has remained an enigma for historians. Nevertheless, the map features relatively advanced hydrographic information, including depth soundings and bearing lines to major landmarks and lighthouses. The chart features seven very attractive mariner's views of the coast, and the sea is embellished with two frigates under full sail and is traversed by rhumb lines that radiate from a compass rose. Examples of this chart would have been used at sea by French officers, as their navy engaged British ships on numerous occasions off the Carolina coast.
Phillips, A List of Geographical Atlases in the Library of Congress, 1210, map 13, Sellers & Van Ee, 1398.