BODMER, Karl (1809-1893)
Herd of Bisons on the Upper Missouri
[Tab. 40] Paris, Coblenz and London: [1839-1842]. Hand-coloured aquatint engraving. Sheet size: 18 x 24 3/8 inches.
Prince Maximilian and his party left Fort Union on 6 July aboard the 60-foot keelboat Flora and eventually arrived at Fort McKenzie on 9 August 1833. On leaving Fort Union the hunters were again able to find a ready supply of game from which to provide meat for the keelboat passengers. Buffalo appeared near the river on July 10 and several were taken. On 14 July below the mouth of the Milk River near the junction of Porcupine Creek the buffalo appeared again, the present image is based on these incidents and shows the buffalo grazing and coming to the waters' edge to drink on the Missouri bottoms, all against a backdrop of the sky turned red and gold by the last rays of the western sunset. Karl Bodmer's images show great versatility and technical virtuosity and give us a uniquely accomplished and detailed picture of a previously little understood (and soon to vanish) way of life. Swiss-born Bodmer was engaged by Prince Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied (1782-1867) specifically to provide a record of his travels in North America, principally among the Plains Indians. In the company of David Dreidoppel (Prince Maximilian's servant and hunting companion), their travels in North America were to last from 1832 to 1834. Well-armed with information and advice, the party finally left St. Louis, on the most important stage of their travels, aboard the steamer Yellow Stone on April 10 1833. They proceeded up the treacherous Missouri River along the line of forts established by the American Fur Company. At Bellevue they encountered their first Indians, then went on to make contact with the Sioux tribe, learning of and recording their little known ceremonial dances and powerful pride and dignity. Transferring from the Yellow Stone to another steamer, the Assiniboin, they continued to Fort Clark, visiting there the Mandan, Mintari and Crow tribes, then the Assiniboins at Fort Union, the main base of the American Fur Company. On a necessarily much smaller vessel they journeyed through the extraordinary geological scenery of that section of the Missouri to Fort Mackenzie in Montana, establishing a cautious friendship with the fearsome Blackfeet. From this, the westernmost point reached, it was considered too dangerous to continue and the return journey downstream began. The winter brought it's own difficulties and discomforts, but Bodmer was still able to execute numerous studies of villages, dances and especially the people, who were often both intrigued and delighted by his work. The portraits are particularly notable for their capturing of individual personalities, as well as forming a primary account of what were to become virtually lost cultures
Graff 4648; Howes M443a; Pilling 2521; Sabin 47014; Wagner-Camp 76:1.