SAUTHIER, Claude Joseph (1736-1802)
A Chorographical Map of the Province of New-York in North America, divided into counties, manors, patents and Townships ... compiled from Actual Surveys deposited in the Patent Office at New York, by Order of His Excellency Major General William Tryon
London: William Faden, January 1st, 1779. Copper-engraving, on six sheets joined as three, period hand colouring. Sheet size: approximately 55 x 74 3/4 inches.
The last and best large-scale map of an American colony. Drawn on a scale of five miles to the inch, it is the most detailed printed map of any extensive part of North America published during the Revolutionary period.
Claude Joseph Sauthier was one of the most accomplished engineers working in America in the eighteenth century. Alsatian by birth, he accompanied Governor William Tryon to North Carolina in 1769. He surveyed several North Carolina towns and designed the Governor's Mansion at New Bern before accompanying Tryon to New York in 1771. He subsequently conducted many surveys of New York, and during the Revolution he served as a military engineer producing a number of fine maps for the British Army. A number of Sauthier's printed and manuscript maps, including an example of the present map, can be found in the collection formed by Sir Henry Clinton, Commander of the British Forces in North America, 1775-1782, now preserved at the William L. Clements Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Sauthier's greatest production was a large manuscript map of the Province of New York which was first published on three sheets in 1776 by William Faden as A Map of the Province of New York . This map included details taken from Bernard Ratzer's survey of New Jersey. Sauthier continued to improve this great manuscript during the first years of the Revolution, and in 1779 it was published, again by Faden, but greatly enlarged on six sheets, as A Chorographical Map ....
The Chorographical Map contains a vast amount of information lacking from the 1776 map, particularly in upstate New York, the Catskills, and what would become Vermont. A note on the Chorographical Map states that "the Mohawk Valley and County of Tryon are Laid down according to an Actual Survey and other Manuscripts generously communicated by Governor Pownall." The grand scale, which was almost three times that of the 1776 map, also allowed for the inclusion of many previously omitted details in the more settled areas. The result is an amazing record of New York from the Revolutionary War period.
Adams, British Headquarters Maps and Sketches Used by Sir Henry Clinton...now preserved in the William L. Clements Library, 118; Cumming, British Maps of Colonial America, pp. 72-74; Phillips, A List of Maps of America, p.505; Sellers & Van Ee, Maps & Charts of North America and & West Indies 1750-1789 , 1070; Cf. Brun, Guide to the Manuscript Maps in the William L. Clements Library , (original manuscript) 371; Guthorn, British Maps of the American Revolution , (original manuscript) 100/2.