D'ANVILLE, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon (1697-1782)
Canada Louisiane et Terres Angloises
Paris: 1755. Copper-engraved map, on four unjoined sheets. Large inset titled "Le Fleuve Saint-Laurent..." Sheet size: Approximately 38 x 49 inches, if joined.
D'Anville's four sheet map of North America after John Mitchell.
This four sheet map shows North America from James Bay to Florida and as far west as the Mississippi River. The map was based in part on Mitchell's famous map of the United States which appeared earlier in the same year. D'Anville developed his version of the map with an emphasis on French influence on the area, omitting Mitchell's legend, references to English factories in the disputed trans-Allegheny area, and drew on French sources for additional details over the Mitchell map. The map provides early detail along the lower portion of the Missouri (alternately the "Pekitanoui") and the upper waters of the Mississippi. The Keweenaw peninsula is named as Kiaonan, and Isle Royale is called I. Minong. It is filled with scores of Indian tribes and villages named and located. "To illustrate the cartography of the second half of the eighteenth century, a d'Anville map is essential. He dominated not only French but all contemporary geographers. He was one of the foremost to leave blank spaces in his maps where knowledge was insufficient ... His representation of the Great Lakes is superior to that of his contemporary, John Mitchell" Tooley). D'Anville's map would become the basis for numerous future mappings, most notably by Jeffereys and Sayer & Bennett. This copy with the rare fourth sheet comprising the inset of the St. Lawrence River, often found lacking due to its irregular shape.
Cumming, Southeast in Early Maps 296; Kershaw, Early Printed Maps of Canada II:625; Sellers and Van Ee, Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies 17; McCorkle, New England in Early Printed Maps 755.1; Phillips, A List of Maps of America, p.760; Tooley, "Mapping of the Great Lakes" pp. 316-317 in Tooley, The Mapping of America.