DU VAL, Pierre (1618-1683)
La Mer de Nort ou sont la N.le France, La Floride, La N.le Espagne, Les Isles et la Terre-ferme d'Amerique
Paris: Chez l'Auteur, 1679. Copper-engraved map, period hand-colouring in outline. Sheet size: 17 3/8 x 22 1/2 inches.
Scarce 17th century mapping of America.
This superb map of the New World evinces mid-seventeenth century French geographical knowledge, based largely upon the work of the great French cartographer, Nicolas Sanson, Duval's father-in-law. It is also an excellent example of the French cartographic aesthetic, exalting clarity and classical elegance. Duval, with some geographical modernizations, based this map on his smaller 1655 rendering of the same subject. The depiction of the American Northeast is somewhat more progressive than that shown by Sanson. New York, Boston, Cape Cod, Virginia and Maryland are each specifically named. Up into the interior, Duval shows all five Great Lakes, however the boundaries of Lakes Superior and Michigan ("Lac des Puans") are left undetermined. Most of the American Southeast is shown as a part of the great Spanish territory of "Floride," which extends north into the Carolinas. South Carolina is labeled "Floride Françoise," and "Charles-Fort," the abortive French settlement on Port Royal Sound from the 1560s, is labeled here. This map appeared as the top right sheet of Duval's four sheet wall map, titled Carte de Geographie: "All [i.e. each sheet] were designed with individual titles so that they could be viewed independently or when these were removed they could be pasted together to form a large wall map" (Burden). The present example is from the first state of the map.
Burden, The Mapping of North America II:508.