ROBERT DE VAUGONDY, Didier (1723-1786)
Amérique Septentrionale dressée sur les Relations les plus modernes des Voyageurs et Navigateurs, et divisée suivant les differentes possessions des Européens ... Corrigee en 1775
Paris: Vaugondy, 1775. Copper-engraved map, with period hand-colouring in outline. Inset of the Northwest coast. Contemporary manuscript addition of the island of Bermuda. Sheet size: 20 x 26 inches.
A very fine eighteenth-century map depicting all of North America, by one of France's greatest cartographers: this issue with significant additions to the northwest coast.
This highly attractive map depicts North America during an especially fascinating time in its history, the period immediately before the American Revolution. Vaugondy consulted several sources in devising his map including Bellin's excellent rendering of the Great Lakes, and Guillame De L'Isle's and Jean-Baptiste D'Anville's maps of the Mississippi Basin. The British Thirteen Colonies hug the Atlantic seaboard, while the immense Gallic empire, embracing both New France (Canada) and Louisiana (the Mississippi Basin) occupy the majority of the interior of the continent. This highly detailed map labels numerous native villages and European forts in the interior of the continent. Spanish Mexico reaches all the way north to modern-day Colorado, and Baja California is shown accurately to be a peninsula, and not an island as previously thought. The map also depicts the islands of the Caribbean, which are shown to be in the possession of the various European powers.
The map was first issued in the 1750s, though in the present "corrected" issue of 1775, the cartouche has been moved to the upper right corner (and re-designed) and a large inset of the Northwest coast appears in the upper left. This includes information gleaned from a number of sources, though the only mentioned on the map itself is Cluny.