[BOWEN, Emanuel (c.1720-67) and John GIBSON (fl. 1750-1792)] - Robert LAURIE (1755-1836) & James WHITTLE (d.1818), publishers.
A New Map of North America, with the West India Islands. Divided according to the preliminary articles of peace, signed at Versailles, 20, Jan. 1783. wherein are particularly distinguished the United States, and the several provinces, governments &ca which compose the British Dominions; laid down according to the latest surveys, and corrected from the original materials, of Goverr. Pownall, Member of Parliamt
London: publish'd by Laurie & Whittle, 12th May 1794. Engraved map on four joined sheets, hand coloured in outline. Sheet size: 41 3/8 x 47 1/2 inches.
Bowen and Gibson's large scale wall map of North America: a Laurie and Whittle issue published following the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolution.
Bowen and Gibson's map was first issued in about 1755 under the title An Accurate Map of North America. It served as a generally accurate template for showing the enormous political changes that took place in the next forty years. Sometimes known as the Pownall Map of North America because of the significant contribution the former governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Pownall, made to the geographical knowledge of the northeast, this large wall map has great presence and teems with information, including numerous Native American placenames in the western areas,native tribal regions, notes and routes of early roads, and the forts along the Mississippi and to the west of the Appalachians. The two inset maps are of Baffin and Hudson's Bays, and the mouth of the Colorado River, the latter map based on the explorations of Eusebio Kino.
The present map is the fourth version of the title, and is an issue which incorporates the changes brought about by the 1783 Treaty of Paris. A notation on the map reads: "The Divisions in this map are coloured according to the preliminaries signed at Versailles [sic.], January 20th. 1783. The Red indicates the British posessions; the Green those of the United States; the Blue what belongs to the French , and the Yellow what belongs to the Spaniards." Also included is Article III from the Treaty that guaranteed fishing rights to the United States in the Grand Banks and other places around New Brunswick and Newfoundland.
Previous issues dating to the Revolution had included some of the articles of the 1763 Treaty, these have been entirely removed, and the cartouche has been reworked, among other changes. The present issue has no imprint in the bottom right corner, is printed on laid paper and includes the western coast of Newfoundland coloured in red.
Degrees of Latitude 36; Stevens & Tree, "Comparative Cartography" 49k, in Tooley, The Mapping of America.