MCKENNEY, Thomas L. (1785-1859) and James HALL (1793-1868)
History of the Indian Tribes of North America
Philadelphia: Edward C. Biddle (vol. I), Frederick Greenough (vol. II) and Daniel Rice and James G. Clark (vol. III), 1837-1838-1844. 3 volumes, folio. (19 3/8 x 13 1/2 inches). 120 hand-coloured lithographic plates after Karl Bodmer, Charles Bird King, James Otto Lewis, P.Rhindesbacher and R.M.Sully, drawn on stone by A.Newsam, A. Hoffy, Ralph Trembley, Henry Dacre and others, printed and coloured by J.T. Bowen and others, vol.III with two lithographic maps and one table printed recto of one leaf, 17pp. of lithographic facsimile signatures of the original subscribers. Extra-illustrated: with an additional plate prepared for McKenney & Hall's work but not included in the final publication, titled "J-Aw-Beance / A Chippeway Chief", lithographed by Lehman and Duval after King, published by Biddle and with the suppressed first state of the description of the War Dance plate (some plates in vol. 3 bound out of order).
Expertly bound to style in dark purple morocco over period cloth covered boards, spine with raised bands in seven compartments, lettered in gilt in the second and fourth, the others with a repeat decoration in gilt, marbled endpapers
First edition of "One of the most costly and important [works] ever published on the American Indians"(Field), "a landmark in American culture" (Horan) and an invaluable contemporary record of a vanished way of life, including some of the greatest American hand-coloured lithographs of the 19th century. This set extra-illustrated with a very rare additional plate, prepared for the publication but not included in the final published work, as well as both the suppressed first and second states of the description of the War Dance plate.
After six years as superintendent of Indian Trade, Thomas McKenney had become concerned for the survival of the Western tribes. He had observed unscrupulous individuals taking advantage of the Native Americans for profit, and his vocal warnings about their future prompted his appointment by President Monroe to the Office of Indian Affairs. As first director, McKenney was to improve the administration of Indian programs in various government offices. His first trip was during the summer of 1826 to the Lake Superior area for a treaty with the Chippewa, opening mineral rights on their land. In 1827, he journeyed west again for a treaty with the Chippewa, Menominee, and Winebago in the present state of Michigan. His journeys provided an unparalleled opportunity to become acquainted with Native American tribes. When President Jackson dismissed him from his government post in 1839, McKenney was able to turn more of his attention to his publishing project. Within a few years, he was joined by James Hall, the Illinois journalist, lawyer, state treasurer and, from 1833, Cincinnati banker who had written extensively about the west. Both authors, not unlike George Catlin whom they tried to enlist in their publishing enterprise, saw their book as a way of preserving an accurate visual record of a rapidly disappearing culture. The text, which was written by Hall based on information supplied by McKenney, takes the form of a series of biographies of leading figures amongst the Indian nations, followed by a general history of the North American Indians. The work is now famous for its colour plate portraits of the chiefs, warriors and squaws of the various tribes, faithful copies of original oils by Charles Bird King painted from life in his studio in Washington (McKenney commissioned him to record the visiting Indian delegates) or worked up by King from the watercolours of the young frontier artist, James Otto Lewis. All but four of the original paintings were destroyed in the disastrous Smithsonian fire of 1865 so their appearance in this work preserves what is probably the best likeness of many of the most prominent Indian leaders of the early 19th century. Numbered among King's sitters were Sequoyah, Red Jacket, Major Ridge, Cornplanter, and Osceola. This was the most elaborate plate book produced in the United States to date, and its publishing history is extremely complex. The title pages give an indication of issue and are relatively simple: volume I, first issue was by Edward C. Biddle and is dated 1836 or more usually 1837, the second issue Frederick W. Greenough with the date 1838, and the third issue is by Daniel Rice & James G. Clark dated 1842. Volume II, first issue is by Frederick W. Greenough and dated 1838 and the second issue by Rice & Clark and dated 1842. Volume III, first issue is by Daniel Rice & James G. Clark and dated 1844. In volume one, there are two states of the description of the frontispiece, with quite different text. The first state is very rare and was recalled by the publisher for errors. It is easily identifiable by the 3-line caption title "War Dance: / Of The Sauks and Foxes, / Indian Tribes of the Upper Mississippi." The more usual second state merely has the caption title "War Dance." Unusually, the present set contains both settings of text. Furthermore, while the book is complete with 120 plates, there is actually an additional 121st plate that was published but not distributed to subscribers. It is very rarely found bound into sets, however, and is titled J-Aw-Beance / A Chippeway Chief. It is unknown why or when this plate was done, though it carries a Biddle imprint dated 1836 and may have been done for pre-publication promotional reasons.
BAL 6934; Bennett p.79; Field 992; Howes M129; Lipperhiede Mc4; Reese Stamped With A National Character 24; Sabin 43410a; Servies 2150.