RAYNAL, Guillaume Thomas Francois (1713-1796)
Histoire philosophique et politique des établissemens & du commerce des Européens dans les deux Indes ... [with:] Atlas de Toutes les Parties Connues du Globe Terrestre, dresse pour l'Histoire, philosophique & politique des établissemens & du commerce des Européens dans les deux Indes ...
Geneva: Jean-Leonard Pellet, 1780. 11 volumes (text: 10 volumes, 8vo [7 3/4 x 4 3/4 inches]; atlas: 4to [10 1/4 x 8 inches]). Text: engraved portrait frontispiece of Raynal after C.N. Cochin by N. de Launay in vol. 1, 9 engraved frontispiece plates after J.M. Moreau le Jeune by de Launay and others. 50 engraved maps by Rigobert Bonne (49 double-page, 1 folding; numbered 1-49, plus 17bis), and 23 letterpress tables (some folding).
Period mottled calf, flat spines in six (text) or seven (atlas) compartments, red and brown lettering pieces in the second and fourth compartments, the others with a repeat decoration in gilt, marbled endpapers, marbled edges
Provenance: A. Salle (early booklabels and ink collection stamp)
A fine set of the expanded final edition of this important work: the radical anti-colonial notions Raynal expressed in the present edition forced the author into exile.
In 1770, Raynal published the first edition of his Histoire philosophique et politique... He had the assistance of various members of the philosophe côteries in his most important work, L'Histoire philosophique et politique ... (Amsterdam, 4 vols., 1770). Denis Diderot indeed is credited with a third of this work, which was characterized by Voltaire as "du réchauffé avec de la declamation." The other chief collaborators were Pechméja, Holbach, Paulze, the farmer-general of taxes, the Abbé Martin, and Alexandre Deleyre. Banned in 1772, a new edition was published by Raynal in 1774, which was immediately placed on the Index of banned books by the Roman Catholic church. The present edition appeared in 1780, and was more violently radical then any of the previous editions. Some of the ideas that Raynal was advocating were enough to ensure that a warrant for his arrest was issued, and the book was condemned by the Parlement de Paris and burnt by the public executioner. Raynal escaped into exile, and did not return until 1784. Despite the radical, anti-colonialism tone of this work, Raynal came to realise the impossibility of the peaceful revolution that he had advocated.
This edition, in addition to the fine plates by Moreau le Jeune, is particularly valuable for its atlas of maps by Rigobert Bonne (1727-1794), 23 of which are of American interest.
Cohen/de Ricci 854; cf. Phillips 652 (atlas); Sabin 68081.