GARCILASO de la Vega, "El Inca" (1539-1616)
Primera Parte de los Commentarios Reales, Que Tratan del Origen de los Yncas, Reyes que Fueron del Peru, de su Idolatria, Leyes, y Govierno en Paz y en Guerra
Lisboa: Pedro Crasbeeck, 1609. Small folio. ,264 leaves. Engraved plate. Woodcut initials throughout. Minor foxing and soiling, some light dampstaining to top edge.
Contemporary vellum, manuscript spine title.
The history of Peru by a half-Inca Prince.
First edition of the "Royal Commentaries" of the great half Spanish, half Inca historian, Garcilaso de la Vega. The Inca was the foremost historian of early Peru, and his works are the basis of our knowledge of Incan history. Born in Cuzco, the son of a Spanish nobleman and an Indian princess, he was a second cousin to the last Incan rulers of Peru. He left Peru as a youth and lived in Spain the rest of his life. The Primera Parte deals entirely with the Incan empire and the conquest of Peru. The Spanish critic, Menendez y Pelayo, called it "the most genuinely American book that has ever been written, perhaps the only one in which a reflection of the soul of the conquered raced has survived."
European Americana 609/44; Medina BHA 549; Palau 354788; Sabin 98757.