HUQUIER, Gabriel (1695-1772), engraver; Jean Baptiste OUDRY (1686-1755), after; and others.
Livre des differentes espèces d'Oiseaux de la Chine tires du Cabinet du Roy ... [Bound with:] Livre des differentes espèces d'Oiseaux, Fleurs, Plantes, et Trophés de la Chine ... 2.e Partie ... [Bound with:] ... 3.e Partie ... [Bound with] ... 4.e Partie
Paris: [circa 1745]. Four parts in one, folio. (24 1/3 x 18 5/8 inches). 60 hand-coloured engraved plates by Huquier after Jean Baptiste Oudry and others (numbered 1-60), on laid paper watermarked 1742, each inlaid into a larger sheet of laid paper within the album at a contemporary date. Caption titles as above in the lower corner on the first plate of each part. Extra-illustrated with a contemporary original watercolour, also on laid paper, of plate 29.
Expertly bound to style in period russia, covers elaborately bordered in gilt with a central gilt device comprised of small tools, spine with raised bands in eight compartments, red and black morocco lettering pieces in the second and third, the others with a repeat decoration in gilt, marbled endpapers and edges
An extraordinary collection of large lavishly engraved plates with original 18th century hand-colouring of Chinese birds, flowers, vases and objects: the dénoument of French Rococo Chinoiserie.
Huquier was among the most prominent French engravers, printsellers and tastemakers of the mid-18th century, designing or reproducing a prolific amount of ornamentation. The present collection of four suites containing sixty hand-coloured engravings of birds, flowers, botanical arrangements and objects presents the best Chinoiserie of the period. The first part is entirely dedicated to Asian birds; of the other three parts, approximately 25 plates depict intricate and colorful floral arrangements, many in elaborate chinoiserie inspired vases; six depict Asian flora with birds in natural settings; and the remaining illustrate Chinese objects including vessels, snuff boxes and other objects d'art.
Besides being a talented designer and engraver, Huquier assembled an impressive collection of art, dispersed in three auctions in 1761, 1771 and 1772, including what is believed to be the largest collection of original watercolours by Oudry. An album of watercolours of birds by Oudry (and presumably from Huquier's collection) is now located at Harvard's Fogg Museum, and confirms that the images of birds in the plates present here were engraved by Huquier after Oudry. Besides having a relationship with Oudry, Huquier was known to have engraved Chinoiserie designs after Fraisse, Watteau, Boucher and others, suggesting other artists of the present engravings. However, given Huquier's own artistic talents, it is quite possible that many of the engravings are after his own work. The extra-illustration of a contemporary watercolour of plate 29, though unattributed, may be by Huquier.
The strictly contemporary hand colouring of the plates in this album is simply superb. The extreme high quality of the colouring, coupled with the contemporary inlaid presentation of the plates and the original watercolour, suggests that the album was assembled for a collector of note in the mid-18th century.
A similar album, also containing sixty plates, sold in the 1772 auction of Huquier's estate (as lot no. 157, selling for 380 livres). In addition, a similar album of the same four parts comprised of 60 hand coloured plates, extra illustrated with 12 original watercolours in the rear, is located at the Institut National d'Histoire de l'Art, Paris. We find no examples of this work selling at auction since the 18th century,
Nissen IVB 465; Lewine, p. 248; Cohen, p. 274; Bruand and Hebert, Inventaire du Fonds Français, Graveurs du XVIIIe Siècle , #1953-2012. cf. Mary Morton, editor. Oudry's Painted Menagerie (2007); cf. Hal Opperman, Jean Baptiste Oudry (1977); Susan Miller, "Jean Antoine Fraisse, grave par Huquier" in Metropolian Museum Journal , vol. 31 (1996), pp. 127-130; Y. Bruand, "Un Grand Collectionneur, Marchand et Graveur du XVIIIe Siècle, Gabriel Huquier (1695-1772)," in Gazette des Beaux-Arts (1950), pp. 99-114.