KÖLLNER, After Augustus Theodore Frederick Adam (1812-1900)
New York. Broad-way
New York & Paris: Goupil, Vibert & Co., 1850. Lithograph, printed in colours and finished by hand, by Isidore-Laurent Deroy, printed by Cattier. Blind stamp: "Goupil & Cie EDITEURS À Paris" Image size (including text): 7 3/8 x 11 1/8 inches. Sheet size: 11 11/16 x 15 1/8 inches.
An excellent image from Köllner's highly important series "Views of American Cities" (New York and Paris, 1848-1851). This series of 54 plates was commissioned from Köllner by Goupil, Vibert and Company and was issued both coloured and uncoloured.
A view looking south on Broadway from south of City Hall Park. At right is Astor House, or the Park Hotel, built in 1834, next to it St. Paul's Chapel and, in the distance, the spire of Trinity Church. A sign south of St. Paul's Chapel sign advertizes the daguerreotype studio of Mathew B. Brady (at the corner of Broadway and Fulton Street). On the left is Barnum's Museum at Broadway and Ann Street (a site that it occupied from 1830 to 1865). This intersection was, at the time, the crux of the city, with the two major Protestant churches, City Hall and Barnum's Museum in close proximity.
Born in Württemburg in 1812, Köllner's first recorded work dates from his employment at the age of sixteen by the Stuttgart printer Carl Ebner to work on portfolios of etchings of horses and other animals. He came to America in 1839 and settled in Washington briefly, before moving to Philadelphia in 1840 where he lived and worked for the next 60 years. The present print is from what was probably his most important commission and certainly brought him to the attention of the art-buying public. Köllner's body of topographic work "makes a distinct contribution to the documentation of the nineteenth-century American scene" (Deak p.334).
Deak, p. 334.