KENTUCKY - Garrett & Nickerson, photographers
Sketches of Camp Boone. The First Encampment of the Kentucky State Guard; held near Louisville, from August 23rd to August 30th, 1860. Also, photographic views of the camp, and Portraits of the General's Staff
Louisville: Published by G. T. Shaw for Garrett & Nickerson, Photographists, 1860. 4to. (10 x 7 3/4 inches). 27, pp. plus 9 oval salt paper print photograph portraits mounted on one sheet with printed captions, 11 salt paper print photograph views of the camp, with rounded corners mounted on 11 sheets.
Contemporary red morocco, upper cover titled in gilt, rebacked, with original spine laid down
Very rare early photographically-illustrated work, depicting military camp life on the eve of the Civil War in Louisville Kentucky.
On March 5th, 1860, fore-seeing the coming of an armed conflict, the Kentucky State Legislature organized the Kentucky State Guard. By early spring the officers had received their commissions, with Simon Bolivar Buckner named Inspector-General with the rank of Major General. On August 23, 1860 the Kentucky State Guard assembled for the first time on the grounds of the South-Western Agricultural Association in Louisville, naming their camp for famed Kentuckian Daniel Boone. Seeing a commercial opportunity, Louisville photographers Garrett & Nickerson captured the week-long event.
The preliminary text in this work gives a detailed record of all the orders given during the first encampment, as well as a complete roster of the officers. The illustrations within the work are all salt paper prints from collodion glass negatives by Louisville photographers C. Alfred Garrett and George H. Nickerson. The nine officers depicted on the first page of photographs are: Major General S. B. Buckner, Colonel Frank Tryon, Colonel Benjamin Hardin Helm, Colonial Isaac W. Scott, Colonel Charles D. Pennebaker, Colonel Samuel Gill, Major James A. Beattie, Captain Philip Vacaro and Rev. James Craik. The views comprise (titles as per captions listed on the final page of text):
1) First View of Camp Boone, looking North
2) Second View of Camp Boone, looking North-East
3) Dress Parade
4) Guard Mounting
5) Visit of the Governor to Major Hunt
6) Street Scene after Parade [#1]
7) Visit of Commissioned Officers to Capt. Hayes
8) Street Scene after Parade [#2]
9) Visit of the Governor to Col. Frank Tryon
10) Meeting of Officers after Parade
11) Street Scene after Parade [#3]
At the start of the Civil War, border-state Kentucky vowed to stay neutral. It was not long, however, before the state legislature moved to side with the Union. Nevertheless, many of its citizens, and many of the soldiers in the Kentucky State Guard, sided with the Confederacy. Indeed, the Confederates formed their own Camp Boone in Tennessee to attract the well-trained Kentucky militiamen. This included Buckner, as well as Captain John Hunt Morgan, the infamous leader of the Morgan Raiders. Interestingly, the final image within the work would seem to depict Morgan's men, as one of the crates in the foreground is labelled "Lex. Rifles", after the name of Morgan's company (the Lexington Rifles). Thus the present work, depicting the Kentucky State Guard in August of 1860, inadvertently captures the images of many soon-to-be soldiers in the Confederate Army.
Photographically-illustrated works from this early period were seldom printed in large quantities. That fact, coupled with the destruction caused by the Civil War in the years immediately following the publication has made this work very rare. OCLC cites but two known examples (University of Chicago and University of Kentucky); an additional example is held in the Gilder-Lehrman Collection at the New York Historical Society and we know of another in private hands.
A significant photographic incunable.
Not in Truthful Lens.