A New Universal Atlas Comprising Separate Maps of all the Principal Empires, Kingdoms & States Throughout the World: and forming a distinct Atlas of the United States ... a new edition revised and corrected to the present time
Brattleboro, Vermont: G.R.French, 1842. Folio. (14 1/2 x 12 3/8 inches). Engraved title, engraved contents leaf, and 65 hand-coloured engraved maps. 11pp. letterpress text in the rear.
Contemporary half red morocco and brown cloth boards, expertly rebacked and retipped, original red morocco label on the upper cover
Lovely copy of Greenleaf's atlas, including his map of Texas as a Republic.
As the title indicates the atlas can essentially be divided into maps of the world (28) and maps of American interest (37). It includes 27 maps of U.S. States or Territories, and an additional 10 of various parts of North or South America. Notably, the atlas includes a map of Texas as a Republic, with early delineation of its counties. The map is based upon Burrs map of 1833, which was the first to show the territorial claims that would eventually become the Republic. Greenleaf's map depicts the boundary between Texas and Mexico along the Rio Grande, with the border counties named with both their old Spanish and new names. The northern boundary is shown along the Red River rather than the Arkansas River. Although this map does not extend to include the panhandle, it is one of the earliest to delineate Texas counties rather than the empressario grants. Counties are up to date for 1838, with the newly organized Fannin and Galveston, but just prior to the organization of Harrison, which is delineated by color but not named. Milam County stretches all the way to the western border of the map. Development is confined to areas to the east of San Antonio and Austin, with the areas to the west void of detail except for the river system and the locations of a few Indian tribes. Portions of Indian Territory, Arkansas and Louisiana are also shown. Greenleaf first issued his atlas in 1840 based on David Burr's 1835 atlas with two additional maps. The 11 pages of letterpress text at the end include `A brief and comprehensive geography of the world' (3 ½ pages) and `A new and universal gazetteer' (7 ½ pages)
Phillips Atlases 784; Rumsey Cartography Collection no.2865; Day, Maps of Texas, p. 22.