JACKSON, William Henry (1843-1942)
[Group of stereoview photographs of Colorado on original U.S. Geological Survey mounts]
[Colorado: 1873]. 36 arch-topped albumen stereoview photographs by Jackson, mounted on yellow Hayden Survey mounts, images numbered and titled within the negative (27 being standard cabinet size [approx. 4 x 7 inches]; 9 "deluxe cabinet" size [4 1/2 x 7 inches]).
Scarce group of Jackson stereoviews from the Hayden Survey.
William Henry Jackson was one of the great 19th-century American landscape photographers, best known for his descriptive photographs chronicling the western expansion. Jackson began his career in photography in 1858, working as a retouching artist in a studio in Troy, New York. In the 1860s, after serving briefly in the Union Army, he worked at several studios in Vermont before moving to Omaha, Nebraska in 1867, where he established his own studio. He worked on an extensive series of views for the Union Pacific Railroad, which earned him enough notice to be recruited by Ferdinand Hayden for the U.S. Geological Survey team. With the Survey, Jackson explored and photographed vast areas of the West, including Yellowstone and parts of Colorado, Montana, Utah, and Nevada. Jackson's artistic growth as a landscape photographer evolved and quickly matured when he was hired by Hayden. Influenced by Thomas Moran, a painter on the survey, and photographers C. R. Savage and A. J. Russell, Jackson absorbed the aesthetic of romantic engagement of the western landscape and development and colonization of the Territories. However this was countered by the inherent drama of being the first to photograph many high mountain peaks, valleys and western scenes in a more detailed and topographic style. This group, all depicting landscapes in Colorado from his 1873 series, includes the following images (deluxe size images marked with *):  Long's Peak, from Estes Park  Estes Park  Long's Peak, from South East  Colorado or Front Range from Near Gold Hill  Castle Rock, Boulder Canon  Boulder Canon  In the Snow near Gold Hill  Down Clear Creek, From Empire Trail *  Trail from Empire to Georgetown  Gray's Peak *  Torrey's Peak *  Frozen Lake, Near James Peak  Chicago Lake, Mt. Rosalie  Eroded Sandstones, Monument Park  Eroded Sandstones, Monument Park  Gateway, Garden of the Gods  Cathedral Spires, Garden of the Gods *  Pike's Peak, from Garden of the Gods  Ute Falls, in Ute Pass  Mt. Lincoln, from Hoosier Pass *  Upper Twin Lake, Sawatch Mts.  Horseshoe Mtn. Park Range [from below]  Horseshoe Mtn. Park Range [from above]  La Platta Creek, Sawatch Range *  Red Rock Falls, Elk Mts.  Lower Twin Lake, Sawatch Range  Lake Creek Falls, Sawatch Range  Natural Bridge, Lake Creek, Sawatch *  Elk Lake and Snow Mass, Elk Mts.  Treasure Mtn. Elk Mtns.  Snow Mass Mtn from South Elk Mts  Marron Mtn. Elk Mts.  Elk Lake Cascade, Elk Mts *  Falls on Rock Creek, Elk Mts.  Mount of the Holy Cross, Sawatch Range  La Platta Creek, Sawatch Range *
Cf. Douglas Waitley, William Henry Jackson: Framing the Frontier (Missoula: 1998) 183; cf. Peter B. Hales, William Henry Jackson and the Transformation of the American Landscape (Temple University: 1988).