LOCHÉE, Lewis (d. 1791)
An Essay on Castrametation
London: For the author and sold by T. Cadell, 1778. 8vo. v, , , 78, pp. 9 engraved folding plates.
Publisher's blue paper covered boards, paper covering the spine perished but cords holding
The tents of the American Revolution.
This rare work is the first comprehensive guide in English of the types of tents used in the field by British and American armies during the Revolutionary era, with an essay on the military art of "castrametation" -- the laying out of encampments. The 9 folding plates include measured plans and projections of military tents, from the small wedge tents of enlisted to the large "marquee" tents used of commissioned officer's quarters and other specialized tents. In addition are diagrams of the "tent city" field cantonments or encampments that were typical of those utilized by British and American armies in the field during the Revolutionary War. The plans and perspective drawings for officer's marquee tents in this book are nearly identical to General George Washington's sleeping and "headquarters" marquee or dining tent, both of which survive today in the Museum of the American Revolution and the National Museum of American History, respectively. Born in the Netherlands, Lochée ran a military school in Little Chelsea from the early 1770s to 1790. Until the establishment of the Royal Military College in 1801, most officers were trained privately. Coincidentally, Lochée lived and operated the school from a house previously owned by Henry Middleton, the father of the Signer of the Declaration Arthur Middleton. Scarce, with ESTC recording only four examples in North America (NYHS, NYPL, Library of Congress and the Society of the Cincinnati).