TURGOT, Michel Etienne, Marquis de Sousmons (1690-1751); and Louis BRETEZ
Plan de Paris, Commencé l'Année 1734. Dessiné et Gravé, sous les ordres de Messire Michel Etienne Turgot ... Achevé de Graver en 1739 ...
Paris: [1739-40]. Folio. 24 1/2 x 18 1/4" Folding index map and very large perspective plan on 20 sheets by Claude Lucas after Louis Bretez, sheets 18 and 19 joined as issued, decorative engraved border with fleur-de-lys cornerpieces, title in elaborate figural cartouche.
Publisher's full armorial calf.
First edition large paper copy of the monumental Turgot plan of Paris: a cartographical tour-de-force.
The 20 sheets of this impressive atlas form a single enormous plan, which when joined would be approximately 8.25 x 10.5 feet. The map covers an area approximately corresponding to the first eleven of the modern-day arrondissements and is the best 18th century plan of Paris. In 1734, Michel-Étienne Turgot, chief of the municipality of Paris, in order to promote the reputation of Paris commissioned a new map of the city. He asked Louis Bretez, member of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture and professor of perspective, to draw up the plan of Paris and its suburbs. As Turgot requested a very faithful map with great accuracy, for two years Bretez was allowed to enter into the mansions, houses and gardens of the city in order to take precise measurements. In the eighteenth century, the trend was to abandon the Renaissance-style portraits of cities for geometric plans, as technically and mathematically superior. The Turgot plan, however, on an isometric projection oriented toward the southeast, uses a system of perspective cavaliere: two buildings of the same size are represented by two drawings of the same size, whether the buildings are close or distant. The effect is a mesmerizing bird's eye view which shows the city in all its magnificence. Claude Lucas, engraver of the Royal Academy of Sciences, masterfully engraved the plan, which was published between 1739 and 1740. The map was bound in elegant volumes and offered to the King, the members of the Academy, the Municipality, and important visiting dignitaries. The best 18th century plan of Paris, and among the most impressive of all city plans. Here in the most desirable form, printed on large paper.
Brunet I:1224; Cohen de Ricci 807; Boutier 219; Millard 39.