PARKINSON, Sydney (1745?-1771)
A Journal of a Voyage to the South Seas, in His Majesty's Ship the Endeavour: Faithfully transcribed from the papers of the late Sydney Parkinson ... to which is now added, Remarks on the preface, by the late John Fothergill ... and an appendix, containing an account of the voyages of Commodore Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret, Monsieur Bougainville, Captain Cook, and Captain Clerke
London: Charles Dilly and James Phillips, 1784. Quarto. (13 1/2 x 10 1/2 inches). Engraved portrait frontispiece of Parkinson by James Newton, hand-coloured double page double-hemisphere world map, 27 engraved plates (including a map of New Zealand, 1 plate after Alexander Buchan, 2 plates after S.H. Grimm and 24 after Parkinson).
Expertly bound to style in period russia and marbled paper covered boards
Large paper copy of the second enlarged edition of this important account of Cook's first voyage.
"Parkinson has engaged by Sir Joseph Banks to accompany him and Captain Cook in the Endeavour to the South Seas, as natural history draughtsman ... After exploring Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia, and the Great Barrier Reef, the expedition reached Batavia. On leaving for the Cape of Good Hope, Parkinson succumbed to fever and dysentery and was buried at sea. Banks spoke highly of his 'unbounded industry' in making for him a much larger collection of drawings than he had anticipated. His observations, too, were valuable, and the vocabularies of South Sea languages given in his journals are of great interest. Upon Banks' return to England, Stanfield Parkinson, Sydney's brother, claimed all the drawings made by his brother in his spare hours, as well as journals and collections, under a will made before Sydney Parkinson left England. Following the dispute, his writings were lent to Stanfield Parkinson, who transcribed them and prepared them for publication, but an injunction was obtained ... to restrain him from publishing until after the appearance of ... Hawkesworth's official account" (Hill). Parkinson's drawings stand as one of the chief visual sources for the voyage: he produced a large number of magnificent botanical, natural history and ethnographical drawings of Tierra del Fuego, Tahiti, New Zealand, and Australia. At the time, these drawings offered Europe its first view of life in the South Pacific. This, the preferred second edition of Parkinson's account of the voyage with Cook aboard the Endeavor, was edited by John Coakley Lettsom and greatly expanded by him and Dr. John Fothergill from the 1773 first edition. The edition is based on the sheets from the first, with a new preface, an added double-hemispheric world map, and a review of all three of Cook's voyages, among other additions. It is believed that approximately four hundred copies of the second edition were published, making it considerably more rare than the first edition. As such, the second edition is preferred by bibliographers and considered by Hill to be "the best edition." A very small number of copies from this edition were published on large paper, like the present.
Beddie 714; Forbes Hawaiian Bibliography I,82; Hill (2004) 1309; Holmes 49; Sabin 58788.