TURNER, A. A
Villas on the Hudson. A Collection of Photo-lithographs of Thirty-one Country Residences
New York: D. Appleton, 1860. Oblong folio. Three preliminary leaves, 31 photo-lithographic plates (most with two tints), 21 floor plans.
Contemporary green pebbled cloth, stamped in gilt, expertly rebacked preserving original cloth backstrip. A few very light fox marks, the plates unblemished. An attractive, near fine copy. Modern green cloth box, dark green morocco lettering piece.
The first large-scale use of photo-lithography in the United States.
The views are based on photographs made by A.A. Turner of large homes along the Hudson from upper Manhattan Island to Dobbs Ferry, mainly summer or pleasure homes of wealthy New Yorkers, and often exhibiting extravagant or playful architecture. The villas are remarkably lavish and some show considerable whimsy. Turner took the pictures in 1858 and 1859, and this lavish work appeared on the eve of the Civil War. All of the views have at least one additional color, and most two (either brown or green, or both) applied by stencil, with the picture inside a gilt printed border. The images have a slightly surreal quality which adds to the appeal of this remarkable book.
Hitchcock 1275; Truthful Lens 173; Reese, Stamped With a National Character, 62.